These spring flowers may not be as popular as zinnias, tulips or crocuses, but I like to mark the arrival of spring with ephemeral flowers. Ephemeral means their days are short-lived, and refers to the fact that once their seed is ripe, the blooms and foliage of these perennials disappear, reappearing like a magic bouquet the following spring.
Ephemeral wildflowers are relatively pest-free, and you don't have to worry about Common Plant Diseases. Since they flourish on the slow release of nutrients common in garden soils, they don't need organic fertilizer. Several even thrive under dry conditions. Skip the carnations and pansies this year, and show off with some of our favorites; they grow in most regions of the country.
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SUN TO LIGHT SHADE
The majority of these beautiful spring flowers grow in full sun to light shade in rich, well-drained soil. They are easy to grow in a woodland garden or under deciduous trees because they go dormant as the trees leaf out. The soil should be evenly moist in winter and spring, but it can be allowed to dry out in the hotter days of summer. Our 6 favorite sun-to-light-shade flowers include Fawn Lilies, Chinese Hellebore, Oriental Polly, Siebold Primrose, Pasque Flower, and Atamasco Lily.
The deciduous forests of North America put on one of the most dazzling shows of spring flowers seen anywhere in the world. Why such a show? Wildflowers are taking advantage of the light and moisture before the trees and other plants block out summer sunshine. For gardening gurus, especially those surrounded by trees, this means a brief but glorious floral display. These plants thrive in neutral, humus-rich soil that is moist in winter and spring but can become dry in summer. Our 4 favorite woodland-shade flowers include European Wood Anemone, European Toothwort, Leopard's Bane, and Trillium.