In the early 1900s, one report declared 25,000 uses for hemp, everything from ropes and sails to linens and food. But its confusion with marijuana, also in the cannabis family, led to an American campaign that ultimately made it impossible for U.S. farmers to capitalize on this important agricultural crop.
Bringing it back could prove to be a potent economic booster that could help clean up agriculture (hemp grows readily without toxic pesticides) while providing healthy, low-impact protein to millions.
So just to be clear: Although hemp plants resemble pot plants, hemp is not marijuana and will not cause false positives on drug tests, explains Michael Fata, CEO and cofounder of Manitoba Harvest, a leader in the hemp food movement. (Company cofounders helped fight for hemp legalization in Canada, which ultimately happened in 1998.)
Hemp foods contain 0.0001 percent tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the compound responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannibis. Marijuanna contains up to 5,000 times that amount, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Drugs and Human Performance Fact Sheets. "It's like comparing vodka to nonalcoholic beer," Fata explains.
Instead of getting hung up on the drug myth, Fata would much rather talk about hemp's amazing healing powers. Tasting like what he calls a cross between a sunflower seed and a pine nut, shelled hemp seeds and hemp protein powders are pleasant-tasting protein powerhouses, containing all 10 essential amino acids to form a complete vegetarian protein source. Hemp is better for the planet, too. According to Environmental Working Group, animal proteins can create up to 20 times the climate-damaging emissions compared to plant-based protein sources.
With U.S. demand up 62 percent in the first quarter of 2013, hemp is turning out to be quite a trendy little seed. Industry data shows hemp is growing at a rate of 115 percent, compared to an 84 percent increase in chia seeds. It's a powerhouse in the protein powder category, too. As whey and soy proteins are slowing, hemp protein powder sales are up 30 percent in the first part of 2013.
Ready to give hemp a try? Consider these facts.
Some other benefits of hemp:
- It's one of the world's most potent natural sources of magnesium—a mineral required for a healthy metabolism and one that as much as 75 percent of the U.S. population doesn't get enough of
- It's a key food for exercisers, thanks to its levels of iron and phosphorus, important trace elements that maximize oxygen levels
- It contains twice the protein found in chia and flax seeds
It's naturally non-GMO.
Here's how to work hemp into your diet:
- Sprinkle shelled hemp hearts on salads, yogurt, and cereal
- Add shelled hemp seeds to soup for a creamy, nondairy protein boost
- Toss protein powder into smoothies and mix with any ingredients that would be complemented by hemp's subtle, nutty flavor.