#1: Coat your throat. The standard remedy of a tablespoon of honey in warm water with lemon is a good natural remedy, says Dr. Asher. "You want to look for things that coat your throat," he adds, because they soothe irritation. He also recommends slippery elm lozenges and Organic Throat Coat tea from Traditional Medicinals, which contains the anti-inflammatory herb licorice.
#2: Rinse and relieve. Gargling with salt water or other solutions helps cut down on sore throats caused by irritants like dry air or allergies. In an Indian study of patients with postoperative tracheal tubes, gargling with a mixture of one teaspoon of licorice in eight ounces of water led to less-severe sore throats than those experienced by patients who gargled with ordinary water. The licorice mixture can be used as either a drink or as a gargle. (You can find licorice syrups or powders at stores that sell natural remedies, but make sure they contain real licorice.) And Dr. Asher adds that gargling with Bragg's organic apple cider vinegar is an effective treatment as well. "It seems to be cleansing," he says, "and it's not as harsh as other forms of vinegar." Another idea: In The Big Doctor's Book of Home Remedies (Rodale, 2009), Thomas Gossel, PhD, RPh, suggests adding a spoonful of bourbon or whiskey to a glass of warm water and gargling with that. It numbs the throat and is soothing at the same time.
Whatever you do, don't ignore a sore throat that lasts longer than a week, which could be a sign of a serious problem. "If you have severe pain that leads to difficulty swallowing, go see a doctor," Dr. Asher says, and if you experience localized pain—soreness on one side of your throat and not another, for instance—it's time to seek medical advice. Also, "any smoker with a persistent sore throat has got to see a doctor," he advises.