Growing. Calendula enjoys full sun—or even partial shade, in hot summer regions—and average soil, and has moderate water needs. If flower production dwindles, you can cut back the plants to increase new flower production. Calendula will self-sow yearly in many gardens, and it doesn’t mind crowding. Direct-sow the seed in early spring or late fall, as it can withstand some frost.
Harvesting. Collect the flower heads on hot, sunny days for the highest resin content, and pick them regularly to prevent the plants from putting their energy into seed production. Once that happens, the rest of the flowers will be smaller. Choose flowers that are just opening in the morning before 11 a.m. Dry calendula quickly after you harvest it, and check the center of the flower for dryness. Molding in storage is a problem. Watch for reabsorption of moisture, and keep it in complete darkness.
Preparations and dosage. Use the freshly dried flower heads to make creams, salves, liniments, teas, tinctures, and oils, or add the flower heads directly to your bath to soothe irritated skin. For internal conditions, take 1 to 3 dropperfuls of tincture in a little water several times daily.
Safety. As with other members of the daisy family, some people are sensitive to calendulas because of the sesquiterpene compounds that the plants contain. If you have allergic skin reactions or are sensitive to foods or the environment, start with a low dose of this herb and work up to a full dose, if you don’t experience any reaction.
Healing properties. Use the entire flower head (not just the petals) in preparations for healing cuts, scrapes, burns, diaper rash, sores, ulcers, varicose veins, chapped skin and lips, and insect bites. Salves, oils, creams, and other preparations can be found in drugstores and natural food stores alike. Science shows that extracts of the flower heads have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. And herbalists have long recommended tea infusions of calendula to help heal ulcers in the digestive tract; soothe gallbladder inflammation; and treat enlarged, sore lymph glands.
The herbs in this formula are astringent, soothing, and healing. Use it for poison ivy, and oak, hives, blackheads, and acne that doesn't come to a head for draining.
- 1⁄2 cup fresh or 1⁄4 cup dried calendula flowers
- 1⁄2 cup fresh or 1⁄4 cup dried yarrow leaf
- 1⁄2 cup fresh or 1⁄4 cup dried gotu kola leaf (Centella asiatica)
- 1⁄2 cup fresh or 1⁄4 cup dried self-heal or peppermint herb4 cups purified water
- 2 or 3 drops peppermint essential oil (optional; use for hot, itchy rashes like poison oak or poison ivy)
Washcloth, muslin, or other absorbent cloth
Combine the calendula, yarrow, gotu kola, self-heal or peppermint, and water in a covered saucepan. Bring it to a boil, reduce the heat, and gently simmer for about 20 minutes. Let it cool and strain out the herbs, but do not discard them. Add the optional peppermint essential oil, and stir to mix well. Lay your washcloth or other compress cloth in a bowl and ladle about 1/4 cup or more of the wet herbs, plus some of the tea, into the cloth. Gather the edges of the cloth around the herbs and secure with a tie, or hold the bundle closed. Apply the herb compress to the affected area for 10 to 15 minutes. Return the bundle of herbs to the tea to soak for a few minutes, and apply the compress to the affected area again. Repeat one more time, for a total of three applications. Repeat for a total of two or three sessions daily, or as needed. You can also strain out the herbs, compost them, and just use the tea to soak your cloth.
Originally published in Organic Gardening Magazine, June/July 2013
Photo: Sandra Johnson; Prop Stylist: Anthony Albertus