Natives for Everyone

Using native plants instead of the conventional choices livens up the garden.

Andrea DeLong-Amaya March 8, 2011

A native plant is one that occurs naturally in a region. Below is a list of natives (and cultivars of native species) suitable for landscapes in various regions of the country. Find out more about each of them and see photographs by visiting the Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center’s native plant information database at wildflower.org.
 

Northeast/Mid-Atlantic

Herbaceous

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  • Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)
  • Carolina springbeauty (Claytonia caroliniana)
  • Dutchman’s breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)
  • ‘Jacob Cline’ bee balm (Mondarda didyma ‘Jacob Cline’)

Grasses/Grasslike

  • ‘Heavy Metal’ switchgrass (Panicum virgatum ‘Heavy Metal’)
  • Sweetflag (Acorus calamus)

Trees

  • Allegheny serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis)
  • Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

Shrubs

  • Mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
  • Summersweet (Clethra alnifolia)
     

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Southeast/Midwest

Herbaceous

  • ‘Henry Islar’ black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta ‘Henry Islar’)
  • Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)
  • Smooth oxeye (Heliopsis helianthoides)
  • Stokes’ aster (Stokesia laevis)

Grasses/Grasslike

  • Inland sea oats (Chasmanthium latifolium)
  • Yellow Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans)

Trees

  • Prairie crabapple (Malus ioensis)
  • Southern magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora)

Shrubs

  • Big root prickly pear (Opuntia macrorhiza)
  • ‘Blue Rug’ juniper (Juniperus horizontalis)

 


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Rocky Mountains/Southwestern Desert           

Herbaceous

  • Blackfoot daisy (Melampodium leucanthum)
  • Butterfly gaura (Gaura lindheimeri)
  • Silver ponyfoot (Dichondra argentea)
  • White sagebrush (Artemisia ludoviciana)

Grasses/Grasslike

  • Alkali sacaton (Sporobolus airoides)
  • Mexican feathergrass (Nassella tenuissima)

Trees

  • ‘Bakeri’ blue spruce (Picea pungens ‘Bakeri’)
  • Bigtooth maple (Acer grandidentatum)

Shrubs

  • Red elderberry (Sambucas racemosa var.racemosa)
  • ‘Goldfinger’ bush cinquefoil (Dasiphora fruticosa ‘Goldfinger’)

 


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Pacific Coast

Herbaceous

  • ‘Catalina’ California fuchsia (Epilobium canum ‘Catalina’)
  • Orange bush monkeyflower (Diplacus aurantiacus ssp. aurantiacus)
  • Rose sage (Salvia pachyphylla)
  • Seaside daisy (Erigeron glaucus)

Grasses/Grasslike

  • California fescue (Festuca californica)
  • Deer grass (Muhlenbergia rigens)

Trees

  • Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
  • Mountain birch (Betula occidentalis)

Shrubs

  • ‘Joyce Coulter’ California lilac (Ceanothus ‘Joyce Coulter’)
  • Kinnikinnik (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)

 


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